PEW TO CALL FOR EXTRA PROTECTION FOR KRILL AT INTERNATIONAL ANTARCTIC OCEAN (CCAMLR) EVENT
HOBART, Tasmania (3 Nov 2011)—The Pew Environment Group will host an event for delegates attending the international meeting of the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) to call for greater protection of krill, small shrimp-like crustaceans that are the building blocks of the Antarctic food chain.
With the help of images from the krill characters from the soon-to-be released Happy Feet 2, Pew will ask delegates from the 25 member governments including the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Argentina, the European Union, China, South Korea, Russia, Ukraine, Norway, and Japan to support efforts to do more to ensure this species critical to the Antarctic food chain be taken. Pew is asking member states to support efforts that:
• Require observers on all krill-fishing vessels.
• Set up a dedicated fund to monitor populations of krill predators.
• Maintain smaller sub-area divisions of the ocean to manage krill, in order to prevent local depletions that will harm animals such as penguins.
Tiny krill are about to take centre stage in mid-November, when the sequel to the film “Happy Feet” opens with Matt Damon and Brad Pitt playing two krill characters.
“It is perfect timing that two of Hollywood’s biggest names are portraying the smallest actors in one of the world’s most pristine ocean ecosystems,” says Gerald Leape, a senior officer at the Pew Environment Group. “Existing efforts to regulate krill catch must be sustained and enforced, so that animals such as penguins and seals are not competing against industrial fishing vessels just to survive.”
Krill, a largely unknown but critical ocean species, are the primary food source for penguins, whales, and seals in the Southern Ocean. However, demand for these animals as feed for industrially farmed fish and to produce high-value oils used in nutritional supplements is triggering an expansion of the fishery beyond a level that its population can sustain. Left unchecked, krill fishing in certain areas could outpace efforts to protect the well-known species that depend on it.
In the past decade, fleets from more countries have begun to fish for krill. Some have adopted fishing technologies and methods that allow them to catch and process this species continuously, resulting in much higher catches. These operations, combined with accelerating loss of the sea ice that provides essential habitat for krill, threaten to deplete stocks in key feeding areas for penguins, seals, and whales.
The Pew Environment Group is the conservation arm of The Pew Charitable Trusts, a nongovernmental organization that works globally to establish pragmatic, science-based policies that protect our oceans, preserve our wildlands, and promote clean energy. For more information, visit http://www.PewEnvironment.org.
The Happy Feet 2 Krill Character image is:
Courtesy of Warner Bros. Pictures
Caption: WILL and BILL, the Krill, in Warner Bros. Pictures’ and Village Roadshow Pictures’ animated adventure “HAPPY FEET TWO,” a Warner Bros. Pictures release.
• According to a recent 2011 paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, which was funded by the Lenfest Ocean Program, the availability of krill is likely to explain changes in penguin abundance. Adélie (“ice-loving”) and chinstrap (“ice-avoiding”) penguin species have declined by more than 50 percent in the South Shetland Islands region of the Antarctic since the 1970s. If warming continues, winter sea-ice may disappear from much of this region and exacerbate krill and penguin declines. More on the Lenfest Ocean Program penguin study can be found at http://lenfestocean.org/sites/default/files/lenfest_rs_penguin_final.pdf.
• Krill have an exotic appearance, with a translucent, reddish shell and large black eyes. They spend most of their 5-7 year life span in huge schools or “swarms,” living in concentrations so dense and vast that they cover kilometers in every direction with as many as 30,000 per cubic meter.
• The first “Happy Feet” movie had a strong conservation message. The main character, a penguin named Mumble, seeks an explanation for a dramatic fish shortage and discovers that humans are wreaking havoc on his kind by overfishing the oceans.